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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Lange Eye Institute – The Villages in Lady Lake

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Lange Eye Institute – The Villages.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust, pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Lange Eye Institute – The Villages for an examination and treatment.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.


Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve with no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” most common and with no known treatment, and “wet,” less common and treated with laser procedures. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration.

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Lange Eye Institute – The Villages.

The Lange Eye Institute  is one the leaders in nutritional approaches to helping patients with macular degeneration .  Doctors utilize the latest in blood testing and genetic DNA testing to develop a genotype directed nutritional plan for their macular degeneration patients.  Upstairs in The Lange Eye Institute is a group of world class retinal specialsits available for all Lange Eye Care patients. Patinet travel from all over the country to The Lange Eye Institute to learn more about nutritional eye care.  learnmore about nutrition for macular degeneration at


Dry eye is one of the most wrongly or underdiagnosed conditions of the eye. Dry eye will effect most people at some time in their lives. Dry eye can be a mild sandy gritty irrritaded eye or it can be severe with terrible  pain that can cause loss of vision.  Dry eye needs to be first diagnosed correctly by an optometric physician or ophthalmologist and then the appropriate treatment initiated  quickly.   Dry eye is an eye condition that responds very well with a natural approcah of utilizing specific dieatary changes along with specific supplements. The doctors at the Lange Eye Institute  will often times use a combination of traditional medical therapy along with complementary nutrtional therapy to treat dry eye patients quite sucessfully. learnmore about natural dry eye treatments  at

Lange Eye Institute – The Villages has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in The Villages. For more information please schedule an appointment with your eye doctor , and we’ll be in touch with you shortly. 352 753 4014